Free State or Republic?

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Details

Location

Dublin

Year

1923

Source

National Film and Television Archive

Format

35mm, film, intertitles

black and white

Length

01min 06sec

Silent

silent

Courtesy

British Film Institute

Rights Holder

British Film Institute

It is illegal to download, copy, print or otherwise utilise in any other form this material, without written consent from the copyright holder.

Description

Newsreel showing elections which would determine whether the Irish people wanted a Free State or a Republic in the aftermath of the disagreement over the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921. This shows scenes from the general election, called by WT Cosgrave shortly after the Civil War, on 27th August 1923. National Army troops are shown guarding polling booths; votes are counted; General Richard Mulcahy, Minister for Defence, returned; Madame Charlotte Despard (sister of former Viceroy Lord French and a republican diehard) is seen; and Vivian de Valera, son of Eamon (in prison). The pro-Treaty side won (Cumann na nGaedheal 63, Labour 14, Farmers 15, Independents 16 and Independent Labour 1 - all for the Treaty - and Sinn Fein 44 - against the Treaty).

Notes

The Irish Free State came into being in December 1922, replacing two co-existing but nominally rival states: Southern Ireland, which had been created by the Government of Ireland Act 1920 and which from January 1922 had been governed by a Provisional Government under Michael Collins; and the de facto Irish Republic under the President of Dáil Éireann, Arthur Griffith, which had been created by Dáil Éireann in 1919. In August 1922, both states effectively merged with the deaths of their leaders and both posts came to be held simultaneously by W.T. Cosgrave.

Shot List

'Daily Sketch. Topical Budget. Free State or Republic? Soldiers guarding Dublin Polling Booth in momentous election'. Soldiers on street, crowd scene. 00:26 'Counting the votes'. Interior scene. 00:34 'General Mulcahy (right) Minister of Defense, whose troops captured De Valera, has been returned'.00:47 'Mrs Despard (Lord French's sister). A noted Republican'. 00:56 'Vivian De Valera. Son of the Republican Leader'.

Credits

Filmed by Yates